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Former US Treasury Official Warns of Economic Decline and Failure in Argentina through Dollarization

The U.S. leader of the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF), Mark Sobel, has described the Argentinian presidential candidate’s intent to entirely switch the economy to the U.S. dollar as an extremely hazardous risk. Sobel warns that total dollarization without a way out might result in a devastating economic downturn and failure.

Unusual Policy Suggestions by Javier Milei

Javier Milei, an Argentinian presidential candidate, is promoting the idea of fully converting the nation’s economy to the U.S. dollar, a proposal Mark Sobel, the U.S. head of OMFIF, labels an exceedingly precarious risk. Sobel believes that only diligent effort and financial restraint can rescue Argentina from its existing economic woes.

Milei has often presented full dollarization as the cure to the country’s financial difficulties during his political rallies. He further professed that he has gathered the necessary funds to replace local currency and dissolve the central bank.

On Aug 17, in an opinion piece, the chairperson of OMFIF acknowledged that global investors have become more focused on Milei’s unique policies following his victory. However, Sobel, a prior U.S. Treasury official, contested that while entire dollarization might put a stop to the misuse of currency control by officials, it could also create its own issues.

Sobel wrote, “The total adoption of the dollar is a potentially dangerous strategy with no way out. It might plant the seeds for a massive economic downturn and disaster, diverting focus from the arduous task of economic repair.”

The Failure of the Currency Board

Sobel supported his statements by referring to the so-called convertibility plan or currency board, which led to increasing deficits and unemployment in Argentina from the 1990s to the early 2000s. The nation also failed to finance its foreign deficits, losing access to the markets.

These factors triggered a series of events culminating in the collapse of the convertibility plan. The OMFIF chairperson warns that full dollarization without an alternative strategy might result in an even more dire economic downfall and failure.

Regarding the harsh measures required by the new administration, Sobel commented:

Argentina must undertake comprehensive fiscal reforms to halt the never-ending cycle of excessive borrowing, severe and runaway inflation, default, and instability. There must be a halt in creating reserve money. As harsh as it may seem, it’s essential for long-term stability and a transition to a brighter future.

He also mentioned that Argentina requires “thorough and planned liberalization.” This cannot be accomplished with fluctuating exchange rates or capital constraints, but rather with robust banking systems, stated the OMFIF leader.

Share your opinions on this subject in the comments section below.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about fokus keyword: dollarization

What is the view of Mark Sobel, the U.S. chairperson of the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF), on the proposal to fully dollarize the Argentinian economy?

Mark Sobel has characterized the full dollarization of the Argentinian economy as “a far too risky gamble.” He warns that such a move without an exit policy could lead to a serious economic contraction and collapse. Sobel also emphasizes the need for hard work, austerity measures, and fiscal consolidation instead of relying on dollarization.

Who is proposing the full dollarization of the Argentinian economy, and what does it entail?

Argentinian presidential hopeful Javier Milei is proposing to fully dollarize the Argentinian economy. This means converting the nation’s economy to the U.S. dollar, replacing local currency, and abolishing the central bank. Milei views it as a solution to Argentina’s economic problems.

How did the convertibility plan contribute to Argentina’s economic problems in the past?

The convertibility plan, also known as a currency board, contributed to Argentina’s soaring current account deficit and rising unemployment between the 1990s and early 2000s. The country was unable to fund its external deficits and lost market access, which eventually led to the collapse of the convertibility plan.

What does Sobel suggest is necessary for achieving economic sustainability and a transition to a better future in Argentina?

Sobel argues that Argentina needs sweeping fiscal consolidation to stop the cycle of excess borrowing, high inflation, default, and instability. He also stresses the need for extensive liberalization, strong banks, and cessation of reserve money creation. These measures, though painful, are necessary for achieving sustainability and a transition to a better future.

What are some of the potential problems that Sobel sees with the full dollarization strategy?

Sobel sees full dollarization as a potentially perilous “no exit” strategy. He argues that it could sow the seeds for a massive contraction and crash, diverting attention from the hard work of fixing the economy. He also points to historical examples, such as the collapse of the convertibility plan, as a cautionary tale for the risks associated with full dollarization.


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Timothy K. August 21, 2023 - 6:20 am

There’s too much at stake to take such a big gamble. Austerity measures and hard work sound boring but they’re proven methods. I think Sobel is right, but who knows?

Maria Gonzales August 21, 2023 - 7:19 am

Im not so sure, Argentina’s economy needs a radical change. Maybe Milei is on to something? he’s thinking outside the box, which might be what we need right now

James Carter August 21, 2023 - 2:32 pm

I agree with Sobel, dollarization is a huge risk! What if it fails like the convertibility plan did? We need something stable and well thought out.


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