Friday, June 9, 2023


by Hideo Nakamura

U.K. Cryptocurrency Regulations

Cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, have been gaining in popularity across the world over recent years. In the U.K., regulations on cryptocurrencies are still being developed and clarified by government agencies as of 2021. This article is intended to provide an overview of how cryptocurrency transactions are regulated in the United Kingdom (U.K.).

Tax Treatment of Cryptocurrency Transactions
The U.K.’s tax authority, Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs (HMRC), has published guidance on how it taxes profits or losses arising from activities involving cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum (among others). Generally speaking, any gains made from cryptocurrency transactions will be subject to either Capital Gains Tax or Income Tax depending on a number of factors including whether you’re using them for personal use or trading purposes; if they were acquired through mining; etc… HMRC advises that individuals should keep records of all their cryptocurrency related activity in order to ensure accurate taxation when filing returns each year.

AML/CTF Regulations
In April 2018, the Financial Conduct Authority introduced new rules which require firms that carry out certain types of crypto-related activities to register with them and comply with anti-money laundering (AML) and counter terrorism financing (CTF) regulations known as The Money Laundering Terrorism Financing And Transfer Of Funds Regulations 2017 (MLR17). These regulations apply to all firms that exchange or transfer convertible virtual currencies such as Bitcoin or Ether into fiat money (or vice versa); issue tokens representing debt obligations; store digital wallets for customers; facilitate trading between different tokens; provide custodianship services etc… Firms must also take appropriate measures to identify their customers before performing any transactions with them – this includes verifying their identity documents and checking against relevant sanctions lists among other steps – otherwise they may face penalty fines under MLR17 provisions.

It’s important for anyone engaging in cryptocurrency activities within the U.K., whether exchanging digital currency for fiat money or providing services related thereto, to understand how these assets are taxed by HMRC and what AML/CTF requirements they need to adhere too under MLR17 regulation issued by The Financial Conduct Authority . It is recommended that individuals consult a qualified tax advisor if unsure about anything regarding taxation issues while those offering crypto-related service should seek professional legal advice so they can fully comply with applicable laws while operating within UK jurisdiction

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