Monday, May 29, 2023


by Hideo Nakamura

# Stablecoins

Stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency that is designed to maintain its value over time, making them less prone to the large price fluctuations associated with other cryptocurrencies. Unlike traditional currencies, which are tied to a government-backed currency such as the U.S. dollar or Euro, stablecoins are backed by an asset such as gold or another cryptocurrency. This makes them more attractive for merchants who may want to accept payments in cryptocurrencies but don’t want their income subject to large swings in value due to market volatility.

There are several types of stablecoin models available:

Fiat-collateralized Stablecoin: These coins use real world assets (fiat currencies like USD) as collateral and create tokens on top of it in order to generate a 1:1 value parity between the underlying asset and the token itself. The most popular example of this kind of stablecoin is Tether (USDT).

Crypto-collateralized Stablecoin: By issuing tokens backed by existing cryptoassets like ETH or BTC, these coins can benefit from both increased liquidity and decentralization while maintaining stability against economic downturns or inflationary pressures because they’re pegged directly against those assets instead of fiat currencies. Examples include MakerDAO’s DAI coin and BitShares’ bitUSD coin.

– Non-Collateralized Stablecoins: Also known as “algorithmic” stablecoins, these coins rely on complex algorithms rather than real world assets in order maintain their peg relative to major global fiat currencies like USD or EUR; two examples being Basis Coin and CarbonUSD .

– Commodity-Backed Stablecoins: These coins use physical commodities such as gold, silver, oil etc., stored off blockchain with independent third parties acting as custodians/auditors that guarantee each token represents one unit worth of said commodity at any given time i.e Digix Gold Tokens (DGX) representing 1 gramme worth of gold per token issued etc..

It is important for users considering investing into various stablecoin projects out there do extensive research into each project prior committing capital; factors like team composition behind respective projects should be taken into account when evaluating risk vs reward dynamics involved before arriving at final investment decisions!

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