A cryptocurrency exchange is a platform or website that allows users to buy, sell and trade cryptocurrencies for other digital currency or traditional fiat currencies such as the US dollar. Many exchanges offer services beyond trading in order to make it easier for users to get involved with crypto markets.
Types of Cryptocurrency Exchanges
1. Centralized Exchange: A centralized exchange (CEX) is an online trading platform where buyers and sellers can interact directly with each other within a secure environment managed by trusted third parties like banks, financial institutions or software companies who handle all aspects of user transactions from deposit/withdrawal processing to matching up orders between buyers and sellers on behalf of their customers. This type of exchange usually has higher fees but provides more security than decentralized exchanges due to its centralization into one entity which can be held accountable if something goes wrong during a transaction process.
2. Decentralized Exchange (DEX): A decentralized exchange (DEX) is an online marketplace similar in concept and operation as compared to CEXs except it does not rely on any single entity for managing user funds, instead the whole system runs autonomously using smart contracts so there are no middlemen involved thus making them much more trustless than CEXs when it comes down protecting customer’s assets against malicious activities such as hacking attacks etc . The main upside of DEXs over centralized ones is that they don’t require personal information from traders thus providing better privacy protection while still allowing access liquidity through cross-chain trades across different networks without relying on intermediaries like custodians