Satoshi Nakamoto is the pseudonym utilized by the creator(s) of Bitcoin, whose true id stays unknown. The identify was used to writer the unique Bitcoin (BTC) white paper in 2008 and to create and deploy the primary Bitcoin software program in 2009. Nakamoto’s true id has by no means been revealed, and so they have remained an enigma on the planet of cryptocurrency. They’re estimated to have mined round 1 million BTC within the early days of the community, which might make them one of many wealthiest folks on the planet.

Some consider that Satoshi Nakamoto is a pseudonym for a person, whereas others preserve that it may very well be a gaggle of individuals. Beneath is an inventory of individuals believed to be the very best candidates for the creator, with some having already refused or embraced the id.

Nick Szabo

Nick Szabo is a pc scientist, authorized scholar and cryptographer recognized for his analysis on digital contracts and digital foreign money. He’s credited with creating the idea of good contracts, that are self-executing contracts with the phrases of the settlement written into the code. Szabo first proposed the concept of good contracts in 1994 in an article titled “Good Contracts: Constructing Blocks for Digital Markets.”

Szabo can be recognized for his work on digital foreign money and cryptography and is taken into account a pioneer in digital cash. He created a precursor to Bitcoin referred to as “Bit Gold,” which he described in a collection of weblog posts within the late Nineteen Nineties.

Szabo talking at an occasion. Supply: The U.S. Solar

Szabo is taken into account by many to be a possible candidate for the true id of Nakamoto, however he has denied it.

He’s additionally a authorized scholar and has written extensively on the authorized implications of digital contracts and digital foreign money. He’s an advocate of digital freedom and privateness and has written on the intersection of cryptography and civil liberties.

Hal Finney

Hal Finney was a pc programmer and early Bitcoin contributor. He was one of many first folks to run the Bitcoin software program and was an energetic member of the group within the years following its creation. Finney was additionally a developer of the Fairly Good Privateness (PGP) encryption software program, which is extensively used to safe e-mail communications.

Hal Finney and his spouse Fran Finney. Supply: Braiins

He was a widely known determine within the Bitcoin group and was acknowledged for his contributions to its improvement. He was additionally a vocal advocate for Bitcoin and wrote extensively on the know-how’s potential in varied boards and social media platforms.

Finney denied the claims that he created Bitcoin however acknowledged having acquired the primary Bitcoin transaction from Nakamoto. He handed away in 2014 attributable to issues from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a degenerative illness of the nerve cells within the mind and spinal wire that management muscle motion. He was extensively revered and honored inside the Bitcoin group.

Dorian Nakamoto

Dorian Nakamoto is a retired Japanese-American engineer and physicist whose identify was put ahead as a possible Satoshi Nakamoto in a 2014 article by Leah McGrath Goodman within the journal Newsweek.

Dorian Nakamoto denied the allegations, stating that he had by no means heard of Bitcoin earlier than the article was printed and that he had no involvement in creating the cryptocurrency. He additionally mentioned he was not fluent in English and felt that the interviewer had taken his statements out of context.

Nakamoto thanks the Bitcoin group in a YouTube video. Supply: Dara Kerr/CNET

Regardless of his denial, the article sparked a media frenzy, with journalists and members of the general public staking out Dorian Nakamoto’s dwelling and trying to contact him for interviews. The eye induced an excessive amount of stress for him and his household, and he later sought authorized recommendation to take care of the state of affairs. Dorian Nakamoto’s identify was later faraway from the record of potential candidates. He has been a non-public individual since then, and never a lot is thought about him or his actions.

Craig Wright

Craig Wright is an Australian laptop scientist and businessman who has publicly claimed to be Nakamoto. Wright first made the claims in 2016 and later supplied some technical proof to assist them.

Wright has been a controversial determine within the cryptocurrency group, and his claims to be Nakamoto have been met with nice skepticism. Many consultants within the subject have acknowledged that the proof offered by Wright is inadequate to show his declare, and a few have accused him of fraud.

Craig Wright. Supply: Monetary Occasions

Wright can be recognized for his involvement in varied lawsuits and authorized disputes, together with a multibillion-dollar lawsuit in opposition to the property of Dave Kleiman, a pc scientist and cybersecurity skilled who was additionally thought of a possible candidate for Nakamoto, and a number of other conflicts with different members of the cryptocurrency group.

Adam Again

Adam Again is a British laptop scientist and cryptography skilled who has been concerned in creating varied blockchain and digital foreign money initiatives. He’s finest referred to as the creator of Hashcash, a proof-of-work system used to forestall spam and denial-of-service assaults, which was proposed in 1997 and later served as an inspiration for Bitcoin’s mining mechanism.

Adam Again. Supply: Blockstream

Again is a revered determine within the blockchain and cryptocurrency trade and has been concerned in varied initiatives and firms. He’s additionally an energetic member of the cypherpunk group, a gaggle of activists and technologists who advocate for utilizing cryptography to guard privateness and civil liberties.

Again has denied being Nakamoto however stays a vocal advocate for privateness and has spoken out in opposition to authorities surveillance and the erosion of civil liberties. He’s additionally recognized for his analysis on distributed methods, writing a number of papers and articles on the topic.

Wei Dai

Wei Dai is a pc scientist and cryptographer recognized for his contributions to the event of digital foreign money. He’s finest recognized for his work on digital money and digital cost methods and is taken into account one of many subject’s pioneers.

Dai’s most notable contribution is the creation of B-money, an nameless, distributed digital money system proposed in 1998. The idea of B-money served as an inspiration for the event of Bitcoin, and lots of the concepts offered in Dai’s B-money paper have been later integrated into the Bitcoin white paper.

Dai has denied being Nakamoto. He stays a member of the cypherpunk group.

Vili Lehdonvirta

Vili Lehdonvirta is a Finnish economist and researcher on digital tradition and economies. He’s a senior analysis fellow on the Oxford Web Institute of the College of Oxford, the place he researches digital labor, platform economies and digital currencies. Lehdonvirta has printed a number of papers and articles on digital currencies and on-line marketplaces and has been a speaker at varied conferences and occasions on the subject.

Professor Vili Lehdonvirta. Supply: Oxford Web Institute

Lehdonvirta’s identify has been steered as a possible Nakamoto attributable to his early analysis on digital currencies and on-line marketplaces. Nonetheless, there isn’t a concrete proof linking him to the creation of Bitcoin, and Lehdonvirta himself has denied being Nakamoto. He has additionally been concerned in varied policy-making processes and has supplied skilled testimony on digital economy-related points to governments and worldwide organizations.